Monday, August 3, 2015

Falls Village


Think of Falls Village as a video that someone paused around 1850 and never came back to play again.

The website of the Town of Canaan-Falls Village explains the frozen-in-time quality:

Once there was a dream that Falls Village would become an industrial mecca. It would be fueled with an abundance of hydropower thanks to the miles of stone canals running along the Housatonic River and the great Falls. Those canals (along with much of Falls Village) were built up over the course of several years. In 1851, the canals finally opened. The crowds cheered, the water flowed, and everything leaked…..Thanks to that dream and the fact that it died, Falls Village lives on, much as it was in 1851.

But before I get to Falls Village, I feel I have to at least attempt to explain on a very basic level what the deal is with the Canaans. Falls Village is one of several villages in the town of Canaan. (One of these is called South Canaan.) But because it is the town center, people who live or work in Falls Village will refer to Falls Village as if it is a town in itself - or in other words, as if the town of Canaan and the village of Falls Village are the same. 

North Canaan is a separate town, located north of Canaan (this cannot always be assumed in Connecticut; East Hampton can be found 30 miles west of Hampton), which contains a village called Canaan as well as other sections called Canaan Valley and East Canaan. Just as Canaan and Falls Village are sometimes used interchangeably, so North Canaan and Canaan (i.e. the village of Canaan) can also mean the same thing. (The United States Post Office could use this part of Connecticut for a PSA about why it's so important to put the right Zip Code on your letters.)

But wait, I'm not done. Because about an hour and a half south of this confusion, there is New Canaan. New Canaan began not as a town or a village, but a parish on the Norwalk-Stamford border. The people who went to church in Canaan Parish lived in one of those two cites until their new town was incorporated in 1801. But by that time, the name Canaan was already taken by the aforementioned Litchfield County town, so the Fairfield County parishioners had to settle for New Canaan. (Possibly the only example to date of anyone from New Canaan ever not getting what they wanted on the first try.)


Now, back to Falls Village. Before the Housatonic Railroad came to town in 1841, the settlement was actually called Canaan Falls. (I know, the hilarity never ends.) Falls Village was the name given to the train station, and eventually it came to refer to the whole town.


In terms of area, Canaan (or Falls Village, if you prefer) is fairly large, at 33 square miles. But the Falls Village District, the national historic district where I took these pictures, is only about 70 acres, consisting of "the half dozen square blocks that were built up in the middle of the 19th century as a result of Falls Village being selected as a station stop when the Housatonic Railroad was put through in the late 1830s/ early 1840s."


The historic district can feel almost eerily remote. Though it fills up on occasion for events, like the annual summer car show that crowds Main Street with classic vehicles and moseying spectators, on a normal day it is intensely quiet. 


Because it's set off of Route 7, the main road through the area, you could drive past this town center many times without realizing it was there. In that sense, it is the opposite of a tourist magnet like nearby Kent, where Route 7 runs straight through the middle of town.


It reminds me a bit of small towns in the West or Midwest that suddenly spring up as you drive towards them then abruptly end, giving way to emptiness. But because this is Connecticut, there is no sense of frontier newness here, and the surrounding countryside is hilly and lush. This is an isolated village, but it does not stand in an open space surrounded by flat fields or ice-blue mountains or endless straight highways. Instead, it hides between waterfalls and winding roads.


And yes, there is a one-room schoolhouse. The Beebe Hill School was built in 1918 to replace an earlier school building that burned down.


  1. Interesting, beautiful, and the historic peculiarities are hilarious…….even if I didn't quite understand half of it! Jessica

  2. A point of clarification to offer, as an alumna of Housatonic Valley Regional High School, technically located in Falls Village: North Canaan and East Canaan are collectively known by locals as "Canaan" as residents in those areas go to the same elementary school. Also, I did not know until I was at least in high school that Falls Village was technically, actually Canaan. (In summary: it can be confusing even if you live there.)

  3. Toymakers Cafe used to be "The Community Service". It was an amazing hardware store where the smell of pipe tobacco and the creaky old wooden floors imbued a lasting impression in this once little girl's memory. I don't remember the name of the proprietor but I will never forget shopping there with my father. I don't think my dad ever left the store disappointed. When I go to Ace Hardware in Mukilteo, WA - where I live now - those wonderful memories bubble to the surface.

  4. The State of Connecticut refers to Falls Village as the Town of Canaan, #021. The United States Post Office refers to Falls Village as....Falls Village, CT (the only one in the USA). The State Department of Transportation, for road signs, refers to this town as Falls Village, and a town 7 miles north of us Canaan. So what's so confusing about that :) Signed, the Town Clerk of Canaan, one of 169 towns in the state, each town having its own Town Hall (unlike 47 others states that have a county form of government)

  5. As a young woman who calls Falls Village home, I can say that you basically covered it. You might have missed a cow or stop light but otherwise, this seems to sum it up! :D A beautiful and peaceful place, for sure!



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